How will you know if you are Stressed and Anxious?
Stress is a reaction to everyday pressures of life. It shows itself in the form of:
Being short tempered
Having unhealthy eating and sleeping habits
Stress can be triggered by a transitory situation. For example, starting a new job, moving to a new city or starting a family. Any form of life transition can cause stress. It is also caused by situations like long-term unemployment or an unhappy marriage. Both transitory and long term situations sets off a stress response in our body.
With proper support, self care and self awareness we can provide our body the opportunity to reset. With transitory stressors a lot of the times as the situation passes, stress subsides giving our body the opportunity to reset. However, when the stress response is chronically activated due to excessive worrying and fear our body does not get the opportunity to reset it’s hormones and chemicals to normal levels, resulting in a lot of other physical and emotional problems.
An emotional consequence of stress is anxiety and depression.
A stressful situation can cause us to react anxiously. A little anxiety is not always bad. It puts our body in a state of heightened awareness. So that we can be present and defend ourselves. An optimal amount of anxiety can help us prepare for a foreseeable future. For example, an appropriate amount of anxiety can motivate us to prepare for an exam.
Anxiety becomes a problem when the fear and worry is overwhelming and constant. An anxious person reacts quickly and intensely to stressful situations. Even thinking about the situation can be distressful and disabling. For example, if we are stressed about meeting a deadline at work the fear associated with not being able to finish work before the deadline could be so overwhelming that the thought of doing that work might cause nausea, dizziness, chest pain sometimes a panic attack. As a result this will make us avoid working.
Symptoms of Anxiety
Do you find yourself spending a lot of time thinking about what other people might think about you?
Do you worry excessively about something bad happening?
Do you feel like you are always on edge?
Do your thoughts keep you up all night?
Do you find it really difficult to shake off your worries?
Do you find yourself avoiding situations because it causes anxiety?
Along with the emotional symptoms, anxiety manifests itself physiologically as well. It is our body’s response to perceived threat which triggers the fight-flight response sending out a number of warning signals to our body.
Shortness of breath
Increased heart rate
Numbness or tremors
Treatment for Anxiety
Excessive worry, ongoing irrational fear and negative self talk prevents us from focusing on reality or think clearly. It causes us distress and interferes with our everyday life. We tell ourselves that the worse is going to happen. This thought makes us believe that the threat is imminent which triggers the fight-flight-freeze response. The constant loop of negative self talk can keep our body in a constant heightened mode and might never give us the opportunity to calm down and relax.
Everyone is an individual who comes with their own set of unique experiences, strengths and weaknesses. Therefore, the treatment varies from person to person. There are some modalities that work well for anxiety. The treatment focuses on identifying triggers, gaining awareness, identifying patterns through the use of psychodynamic approach. Mindfulness and meditation is used to calm the physical symptoms of anxiety. CBT is used to identify thought patterns, feelings and behavior. EMDR is also used in the treatment for anxiety.